Performance management is a strategic approach to connect investment and policy decisions to help achieve performance goals. Performance measures are quantitative criteria used to evaluate progress. Performance measure targets are the benchmarks against which progress is assessed using available data. The Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) requires state departments of transportation (DOT) and metropolitan planning organizations (MPO) to conduct performance-based planning by tracking performance measures and establishing data-driven targets to improve those measures. Performance-based planning ensures the most efficient investment of transportation funds by increasing accountability, providing transparency, and linking investment decisions to key outcomes related to seven national goals:
- Improving safety;
- Maintaining infrastructure condition;
- Reducing traffic congestion;
- Improving the efficiency of the system and freight movement;
- Protecting the environment; and
- Reducing delays in project delivery.
The Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act supplements MAP-21 by establishing timelines for state DOTs and MPOs to comply with the requirements of MAP-21. The Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) and MPOs must coordinate when selecting performance targets, and public transportation providers must coordinate with states and MPOs in the selection of state and MPO transit asset management and transit safety performance targets.
PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND TARGETS
FHWA and FTA jointly issued a Planning Rule to document changes in the statewide and metropolitan planning processes consistent with the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) Act and the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act. Among other changes, this rule specifies the requirements for state DOTs and MPOs to implement a performance-based approach to planning and programming. Under this framework, the three FHWA performance measures (PM) rules and the FTA transit asset management and transit safety rules established various performance measures to assess roadway safety (PM1), pavement and bridge condition (PM2), system performance and freight movement (PM3), transit asset management (TAM), and transit safety. The Planning Rule and the performance measures rules also specify how MPOs should set targets, report performance, and integrate performance management into their Long-Range Transportation Plans (LRTP) and Transportation Improvement Programs (TIP).
FDOT and the MPOAC developed the TPM Consensus Planning Document to describe the processes through which FDOT, the MPOs, and the providers of public transportation in MPO planning areas will cooperatively develop and share information related to transportation performance management and target setting.
The Collier MPO has adopted the following performance measures and targets:
The MPO reports on progress made towards achieving the performance targets in the 2019 Annual Report and in the Fiscal Year TIP 2021 – 2025 Transportation Improvement Program, and the 2045 Long Range Transportation Plan will include performance measures and targets upon its completion.